ReKnow - Research Knowledge Documentation, Analysis and Exploration in Empirical and Descriptive Sciences

Descriptive and empirical sciences, such as History, Archaeology, Biodiversity, and Cultural Heritage, are the sciences that collect, observe and describe phenomena in order to explain them and draw interpretative conclusions about their behaviour and their relationships under given circumstances. Researchers in these sciences usually encounter problems related to the integration of data coming from different sources, the epistemological adaptation and refinement of their research under specific circumstances, and the usability of their data analysis methods and tools. The ReKnow project aims to support researchers in better handling these problems by providing models, algorithms and tools that allow for better documentation, analysis and exploration of research processes and data.

Aim and Objectives

The ReKnow project aims to support researchers and domain experts in descriptive and empirical sciences in their research practices through solutions that allow for better documentation, analysis and exploration of research processes and data.

Objectives:

ReKnow Models

Design and development of semantic data models and processes, based on international standards like CIDOC-CRM (ISO 21127:2014), for documenting, formally representing and interconnecting research data and processes.

ReKnow Algorithms

Development of algorithms and methods for supporting argumentation processes and the discovery or revision of research knowledge.

ReKnow Tools

Design and development of user-friendly and interactive tools for supporting advanced exploration and quantitative analysis of research data by domain experts.

Research Questions

To achieve the project objectives, several research questions need to be answered, including:

  • How to catalog original research, documentation and analysis processes, as a primary source of facts for research in descriptive and empirical sciences?
  • How to formally represent and store data related to hypothesis building, gathering of resources, parameterization, relation making, as well as observation, argumentation, evidential reasoning and knowledge inference?
  • How to maintain easy to explore connections to the provenance and source of each fact in order to control transcription errors, reliability, precision and comparability of facts from different sources in all processing steps?
  • How to enable domain experts to explore the facts and express complex questions in an intuitive and user-friendly way?
  • How to support efficient quantitative (statistical) analysis and interpretation of the gathered facts?
  • How to facilitate the detection and documentation of knowledge inconsistencies, like contradictory findings or changes in correlations and distributions when, for example, new resources, data or evaluation results are available?

Project information:

CCI ISL FORTH-ICS